The SFP 10-14 in the UK

In the U.K. the Alcohol Education and Research Council (AERC – now Alcohol Research UK), together with the Home Office and Diageo GB, funded a project to adapt, test and pilot the SFP10-14 for use in the UK. This project began in 2004 and ended in 2007. There were several stages to this project, described below:

1. Adaptation of the SFP10-14 materials and approach

Project worker(s) were trained in the use of the SFP10-14, and then established an advisory group with parents, young people, teachers and prevention workers from a variety of social and economic settings.

Initial contacts were with schools and local drug and alcohol prevention workers, with a snowball technique used to recruit advisory group members. The advisory group guided the project worker on the initial adaptation of the SFP10-14 programme materials and approach for use in the specific country. A nominal group technique was used for this purpose. Nominal groups were thought to generate better quality ideas than other interacting groups and reach a consensus more quickly than a Delphi technique. The advisory group was asked to review the SFP10-14 programme materials and generate a list of positive features and areas for improvement. A “round robin” recording of ideas was facilitated until all ideas were exhausted and any duplicates eliminated.

The advisory group (panel of experts) was then asked to generate ideas and discussion about each member’s list of items and to reach a consensus. The group decision was the pooled result of individual opinions.

2. Modelling the adapted SFP10-14 materials (Phase I)

After the SFP10-14 materials had been through an initial adaptation, focus group meetings were held in several different locations. At each location there were separate focus groups for parents and young people. The purpose of the focus group meetings was to model the adapted SFP10-14 materials and approach individuals and groups who represented the target population (low and high risk young people). The materials and approach were subsequently revised further by the project worker with support from the advisory group. Revised materials were then sent to focus group participants for further comments.

3. Testing the adapted SFP10-14 materials (Phase II)

The adapted materials and approach from Phase I were field tested in a small randomised controlled trial in two different locations. In each site, eligible and consenting parent-child triads or dyads were randomly allocated to a SFP10-14 intervention group or a control group. The control group received their standard alcohol and drugs education. The SFP10-14 group received the standard education plus the relevant SFP10-14 intervention. Randomisation was by concealed allocation to different groups, and intervention groups were briefed against discussing the programme with others, to reduce the risk of contamination to the control participants. The project worker and a colleague delivered the SFP10-14 in these settings.