The SFP 10-14 in Poland

The Maraton Foundation, supported by Diageo GB, since 2007 has been working on the task of adapting the SFP10-14 for Poland, with the intention not only of obtaining the written and audiovisual materials necessary for its application in this country, but for of carrying out a rigorous assessment to check whether the Polish version of SFP10-14 has the same effects as its original North American version.

Until now, several tasks have been undertaken:

  1. As a basis for the Polish version the UK adaptation of the SFP10-14 has been chosen. This was due to the closer cultural resemblance and more interesting visual materials than the Iowa originals. The UK manual together with audiovisual materials was translated into Polish.
  2. This first version in Polish was presented to experts: i.e. psychologists, school-counsellors, drug prevention specialists who have experience in working with parents and adolescents. They were asked to analyse the content of the materials, to point out their strengths and weaknesses as well as the elements that have been changed in order to adjust the program to Polish socio-cultural circumstances. Expert opinions were very positive. They especially appreciated the fact that this is the first offer in Poland for parents and kids, integrating these two parties. Experts found some mistakes in translation, some details incongruent with Polish customs and some controversial aspects of the program. They underlined possible obstacles of SFP10-14 implementation, too. Audiovisual materials were prepared with Polish lectors according to expert comments on examples and activities of each session, without interruption of general assumptions or the main message of the program.
  3. This UK DVD with Polish lectors, together with other translated and slightly modified materials, were used in focus group interviews with parents and adolescents. These groups were organised in three towns: Glogow, Olsztyn and Warsaw. During these meetings DVD materials were presented and participants were invited to participate in exercises identified by the experts as the most controversial. The main goal of the focus groups was to collect participants’ opinions about the SFP10-14 in general and specific programme activities. The feasibility in a given time of some exercises was verified. The SFP10-14 was very well received by both parents and adolescents. They recommended only a few modifications. Moderators did not detect any significant problems relating to the understanding of the program content, instructions or timing. In consultations with parents and kids the Polish name for the SFP10-14 was decided: Program Wzmacniania Rodziny. Some details concerning preparation of Polish videos (names and appearance of main characters, stage design, and narration) were fixed.
  4. In accordance with experts and focus group guidelines the SFP10-14 manual and audiovisual materials with Polish actors were produced. Trainers from towns taking part in the project participated in the 4-day workshop preparing for the implementation of the program. This workshop was facilitated by Virginia and Lee Molgaard.
  5. In the next phase of the project the adapted SFP10-14 materials were used in a pilot programme implementing a small population, from three cities in Poland. The aim was to test the functioning of the adaptation and to preliminary assess the possibility of obtaining expected results for families participating in the programme. In 2008 the SFP10-14 was implemented twice in each of the cities (Glogow, Olsztyn and Warsaw). In summary, six groups of 8-12 families. All sessions were carefully monitored by facilitators themselves and independent observers. The feedback from participants – parents and adolescents was collected. Pilot assessment of the programme results focused on the possibilities of changing adolescents problem behaviours, enhancing social skills and developing parenting skills. The study design with delayed programme activities was applied. It meant that all families included in the study received the SFP10-14, but some earlier than others. The “later” group were served as a comparison for the “earlier” one.
  6. The results of this study were used to determine whether any further modifications in the Polish version of the SFP10-14 were needed to improve its functioning and effectiveness. The final version of programme materials was prepared. Finally, and continuing the collaboration set up with the European project coordinated by Professor David Foxcroft of Oxford Brookes University, a third phase was planned with an extensive application of the programme throughout Poland.