Scientific Evidence

The SFP10-14 was tested in a high quality scientific research study in Iowa in the United States. This study, and the SFP10-14, was highlighted in an International Cochrane Collaboration systematic evidence review funded by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the U.K., and Alcohol Research UK (formerly the Alcohol Education and Research Council – AERC) in the UK. This evidence review was presented at the EU / WHO Ministerial Conference held in Stockholm 2001 which led to the Stockholm Declaration on “Young People and Alcohol”.

A summary of this evidence review is available as an Alcohol Research UK Alcohol Insight;  The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) have also highlighted the potential of the SFP10-14 in their reports on alcohol misuse prevention and cancer prevention. In 2006, another Cochrane review pointed out the potential of the SFP10-14 for prevention drug misuse amongst young people. Both Cochrane reviews highlighted the importance of other scientific studies to replicate the findings from their Iowa study.

In 2009 the US National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine published a report on “Preventing Mental, Emotional and Behavioural Disorders Amongst Young People: Progress and Possibilities” (Mary Ellen O’Connel, Thomas Boat, and Kenneth E. Warner) and concluded that parenting programmes, e.g. SFP10-14:

  • Reduce aggressive, disruptive, or antisocial behaviour
  • Improve parent-child interaction
  • Reduce substance abuse
  • Improve academic success

The PDF is available from the National Academies Press.

Description of the SFP10-14 Major Longitudinal Study

  • Evaluated through Project Family at the Institute for Social and Behavioural Research at Iowa State University
  • Tested with 446 families who live in areas with a high percentage of economically-stressed families
  • Participants were randomly assigned and comparisons were made between program participants and control families
  • The study has followed the youth and their parents from 6th through to 12th grade

Results

  • Young people attending the programme had significantly lower rates of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use compared to young people who did not attend the programme (the control group)
  • The differences between programme and control young people actually increased over time, indicating that skills learned and strong parent-child relationships continue to have greater and greater influence (please see the attached chart)
  • Young people attending the programme had significantly fewer conduct problems in school than young people in the control group
  • Parents showed gains in specific parenting skills including setting appropriate limits and building a positive relationship with their child
  • Parents showed an increase in positive feelings towards their child
  • Parents showed gains on general child management including setting rules and following through with consequences
  • Parents increased their skills in General Child Management such as effectively monitoring their child and having appropriate and consistent discipline